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Buleleng Regency, Bali

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Buleleng is in the province of Bali, Indonesia. Its capital is Singaraja. Buleleng border to Java Sea in the north, Jembrana in the west, Karangasem regency in the east and Bangli, Tabanan and Badung in the south.

Regency of Buleleng covers. 365,88 kilometers total of land, Regency of Buleleng consists of 9 Sub district namely: 
1. Gerokgak
2. Seririt
3. Busung Biu
4. Banjar
5. Buleleng
6. Sukasada
7. Sawan
8. Kubutambahan
9. Tejakula

This sprawling, 1,370-square-km regency offers mountain hikes, rustic villages, waterfalls, hot springs, untouched marine and forest reserves, silversmiths, beach resorts of glistening black sand, a secluded coastline bordering a placid sea, and distinctive temples seething with baroque carved figures. The south end stretches across the foothills of Bali's central volcanoes while the whole north's coastal plain faces the Java Sea. This largest of Bali regencies touches all but one of the island's other regencies. The capital, Singaraja, has a cosmopolitan air with many ethnic and religious minorities existing in harmony. 

Because of Buleleng's geographic isolation from the densely populated south, it has developed distinct cultural differences in architecture, dance, and art. The district was absent from early maps of Bali-Cornelius de Hauptman's 1597 map of the island showed only the land south of the central east-west mountain range. Today the fleets of tour buses seldom venture over the mountain passes, and consequently there are fewer beggars, touts, and professional hassles plaguing the region. 

In the mid-1800s the European maritime powers established their presence on Bali here. Buleleng women were ordered to adopt the Kebaya (Malay blouse) by the Dutch commandant "to protect the morals of the Dutch soldiers" ; previously, the Kebaya had served as a badge of prostitution. From 1854, until the international airport opened at Tuban in 1962 Buleleng had much greater Contact with the outside world than the south. Singaraja was the administrative center for the whole of Nusa tenggara from Indonesian independence until 1958. 


HISTORY
Most of the north coast falls under the regency of Buleleng, the capital city of which, Singaraja, was once Bali's chief port. This long contact with outside influences in reflected in the ethnic diversity of its population and as a starting place for new artistic developments, which later spread south.

During the 14th century northern Bali came under the rule of the Javanese nobles of east Bali's Gelgel dynasty. In 1584 the legendary Panji Sakti built a palace called Pun Sukasada where Singaraja is today, extending his rule all the way to east Java. Panji Sakti broke with the overlords of the south and established a powerful maritime kingdom, which survived through 12 generations and into the mid-19th century. In 1814, while Sir Stamford Raffles was busy founding Singapore, a British force spent several months here. 

Alarmed at the increasing involvement of the English in the region, the Dutch were next on the scene. Determined to grab all the islands of the Indies for themselves, the Dutch in 1846 sent ashore a military expedition to capture Singaraja, and then known as Buleleng. The Dutch made Singaraja the island's first capital, as evident in the abundance of colonial architecture that remains standing there to this the repeating rifles and modern howitzers of day. The attack ended in a stalemate and a shaky treaty was signed with the ruling princes. Two years later, the troops of Prince Gusti Ketut Jelantik lured a Dutch force to the town of Jagaraga, killing 264. Hollanders and mercenaries while losing 2,000 of their own men. In 1849, a much larger and better-equipped Dutch engaged the Balinese, a Dutch general was killed and Jelantik committed suicide by poison. Although the Balinese were extraordinarily brave, they were no match for the Dutch. Another truce led to the 1855 separation of Buleleng from Jembrana, and the regency became the first on the island to fall under the direct political control of the empire building Dutch. 

Singaraja became the district's capital in 1882, and served as a major transshipment point for Nusa tenggara throughout the colonial period. The descendants of the local regent became bureaucratic officials in the employ of the Dutch. Feudal rule came to an end here full 60-years prior to colonization of the more bucolic south. Even today northern Bali retains an anachronistic European air, the caste system ignored and the social order centering more on the family than on the communized, institutionalized agricultural "Banjar" of the south. Because of their strong egalitarian spirit, the cosmopolitan and Well-mannered people of Buleleng are considered "Kasar" by other Balinese. 
In 1945 Anak Agung Panji Tisna, an 11th generation descendant of the Gelgel dynasty, became the first Balinese king to convert to Christianity. Tisna was the son of Anak Agung Putu Jelantik, who Wrote much of Buleleng's history on "lontar". His new faith, coupled with the perception that he was more artist and writer than ruler, drove Tisna to resign as raja in 1947,he was replaced by his brother. When Tisna died in 1978 he became the first Balinese King to be buried and not cremated. 


DEMOGRAPHY
Regency of Buleleng consists of 9 Sub district covering 146 village/ administrative village and 163 traditional village with width about 1,365.88 km2 (24.25% from wide of Bali Island). Having tropical climate influenced by monsoom and rains of during the month of October until April. Circumstance of Topography of Regency of Buleleng most representing hilly area unfolding in South arch share, while in regional upstate of regency of long Buleleng from West to East coastally is which is long enough (144 Km) and about sea of Java in northside, westside Regency of Jembrana, east side Kabupaten of Karangasem, South arch of Regency Bangli, Tabanan and Badung. 
Height of Regency of Buleleng between 100 - 1,000 m is above sea level(dpl), with inclination of land ground of bigger than 40% covering 23.89% Regency Region. 

Social Aspect of Economics Sum up resident of Regency of Buleleng pursuant to result of registration of year 1999 as much 577.644 people with comparison of sex ratio 96.86% Density 423 people/km2, and growth rate of resident 1.10%. Pursuant to higher education ended, a lot of 39.92% have education to SD, and 0.63% have commensurate education to of college. From his land ground use faced in 1999, showing 8.5% used as by a rice field farm, plantation 21.4 %. State Forest 35.6% dry farming 31.5% and the others use for the width of 3.0%. 


HOME INDUSTRIES 
To develop commodity or area product, marginally Regency of Buleleng potency have its development to still at sector field of is effort, agriculture, small areas of industries and the tourism. Development of agricultural sector in wide meaning is which given high priority by have reached result which enough see the with excitemen. Some product which still own potency to be developed to represent very valuable asset for area earnings improvement. 

From other side agricultural sector, industrial sector of crafting and also represent sector which is given high priority by its development. This sector still very potential to be developed to remember supported by adequate SDM and SDA. 


ECONOMY 
The regency is an important cattle export center and a major coffee, vanilla, nutmeg, cocoa, and clove-growing district. Since Buleleng's climate is drier than that of the south, Indian corn, copra, and fruits such as mangoes, mangosteen, bananas, passion fruit, and avocados can be grown here. The latest cash crop is red grapes, the sweetest in all Bali, cultivated on bamboo frames in the hills overlooking the coast. The island's best and stinkiest "durian" comes from Bestala near Munduk Village. Several shrimp cultivation farms lie West of Lovina. 

Singaraja, Buleleng's capital, has been an important educational and cultural center since the Dutch were here, the education faculty of Denpasar's Udayana University is based here. Tourism is a nascent but burgeoning industry. Though not as culturally rich as the classical southern half of the island, tourists are attracted to Buleleng's cheaper prices and stretch of relatively quiet beaches, dotted with inexpensive accommodations and restaurants. Shallow reefs offshore offer some of the island's most accessible snorkeling and dolphin-watching opportunities.


BALI TOURIST DESTINATION IN BULELENG REGENCY 
Buleleng regency has several Tourist Destination that you have to visit during your vacation in Bali, there are : Lovina Beach, Munduk Waterfall, Gitgit Waterfall, Pulaki Temple, Meduwe Karang Temple, Ponjok Batu Temple, Gedung Kertya, Buddhist Monastery, Hot Spring Banjar, Menjangan Island, and many more

Lovina Beach where we can see dolphins and Gerokgak pearl production in Buleleng.
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