Meaning of Day in Bali is the victory of Dharma (Goodness) against Adharma (Badness). Galungan is held once every 210 days, on Buda kliwon (Wednesday) Wuku Dungulan of Balinese Calendar.
Galungan word is derived from the Old Javanese language that has meaning wins. Galungan have the same meaning with the word Dungulan, which means also wins. Galungan first celebrated on Purnama Kapat, Buda Kliwon Wuku Dungulan, in the year 804 Saka (882 AD).
If coincides with the full moon (Purnama), then Galungan ceremony was held at a different from usual. Besides, there is a belief that the full moon day is a blessed day by Sanghyang Ketu is god of brilliance. Ketu means light (opponent Rau meaning is dark). Therefore Galungan, which coincides with the full moon is called Galungan Nadi, which came about during every 10 years. Refering to Lontar Purana Bali Dwipa also mentioned, that the island of Bali while celebrating first Galungan just like Indra Loka (heaven).
As described in Lontar Sri Jayakasunu, Galungan celebrations had stopped at the time of King Sri Ekajaya (Saka year 1103) and also the King of Sri Dhanadi. But when Galungan celebrations stopped much of a disaster and calamities that befell Bali. Which led to many royal officials died in young age. Then, after the death of King Sri Dhanadi and was replaced by King Sri Jayakasunu in the year 1126 Saka. King Sri Jayakasunu form of asceticism to get a magical whisper coming from the Goddess Durgha. Goddess Durgha explained to the King that his ancestors are always short lived because no longer celebrate Galungan Day. Dewi Durgha also requested that held back the celebration of Galungan on every Wednesday Kliwon Dungulan accordance with tradition ever. Then the goddess Durgha also asked the King and the people to put Penjor. That its meaning as an expression of thanks presented to Hyang Widhi Wasa (God Almighty). Finally, Galungan celebrated again after a few years of not celebrated.
The day before Galungan is on Tuesday, called Penampahan Galungan. Which has the meaning of eliminating all lust and properties that are not good in man, to welcome the day of Galungan with clean and pure mind and habit. On this day, Hindus in Bali held in connection with the celebration preparations such as making offerings and Penjor.
The day after Hari Raya Galungan called Manis Galungan. Held praying at their homes. Then after visiting to a neighbor or family, to forgive and pray for prosperity.
The next few days are still continued with a series of ceremonies associated with Galungan. And a week later, precisely Sabtu Kliwon (saturday) wuku Kuningan will be celebrated as Hari Raya Kuningan.
In all districts and cities in Bali, Hindus perform prayers in order Galungan in a nearby temple.
And for that, schools and institutions were closed for 3 days in order to welcome the Galungan.
Penjor be crowded every fence along the road. offerings.
And certainly be unique, because Bali Hindus in worship Balinese dress for the celebration of Galungan are everywhere.