Jogja, as the center of Javanese art and culture, boasts various kinds of fascinating tourist attractions. That is the reason why people call Jogja the cradle of Javanese culture.
Yogyakarta, or Jogja, or Yogya, an old, elegant city similar to Solo, is one of the two remaining central traditional palaces of Javanese culture. Beautiful environments, traditional architecture, social customs, and ritual ceremonies place Jogja as the most interesting place to visit. Traditional art like gamelan music and traditional dance will always remind us of the atmosphere of the Jogjasee centuries ago.
This province is also acknowledged as an interesting place for researchers, geologists, and vulcanologists due to the caves in the limestone areas and an active volcano. Jogja was awarded special province status due to its role in the struggle for Indonesian independence.
Places of Interest or Tourist Destinations in Yogyakarta (Jogja), Indonesia:
KRATON (SULTAN PALACE) : Sultan Palace, or Kraton, built in the grand and elegant Javanese architectural style, lies in the center of the municipality. It was built in 1790 by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono l. Kraton is a model of traditional Javanese palace architecture. Up until now, Kraton has still served as the Sultan Palace. It opens every day from 08.00 to 13.00, but on Friday it closes at 12.00.
TAMAN SARI WATER CASTLE : One of the most intriguing parts of Kraton is Tamansari. Literally, it means ‘fragrant garden‘. This was once a most secret part of Kraton, as it formed a pleasure park of pools and waterways planted with hundreds of flowering trees. The Sultan and his concubines would relax here, and from the tower overlooking the female bathing pools, the Sultan would choose his companion for the evening. It was built in 1957 by Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. He created a new style that combined Javanese and Portuguese architecture. It opens every day from 8:00 to 14:00.
KRATON MUSEUM : The Royal Palace has a museum known popularly as the Kraton Jogja Museum. It is located in Kraton Land. It keeps several items of the heritage of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono, including their photographic equipment. There is also a Royal Carriage Museum located on the west side of Kraton on Rotowijayan Street. This museum has a collection of all kinds of palace carriages, including Kyai Garuda Yeksa, Kyai Jaladara, and Kyai Kanjeng Jimat. It was built on 14000 m2 in Javanese architecture design.
MALIOBORO STREET : Here, along the street, you can find a lot of Jogja handicrafts and souvenirs for which you can bargain. They are open from morning until late at night. Beside that, you can also find Jogja street food, local Jogja communities who play music and arts, shops and malls, Bakpia patok (Yogja cakes), and local transport (becak) to go around the Yogyakarta city. Within walking distance, there is Beringharjo Traditional Market.
BOROBUDUR TEMPLE : Borobudur Temple is the one "must-see" site on the calendar of any visitor to Jogja. It is a magnificent Buddhist monument constructed between 750 and 850 AD, when Central Java was still a Buddhist kingdom. Now, Borobudur is a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site with nine levels and 1460 carved stone reliefs telling the story of Buddha and representing the steps from the earthly realm to nirvana. The location is about 42 kilometers from Jogja. It opens from 06.00-17.15.
PRAMBANAN TEMPLE : It consists of three court yards. The Sanjaya Dynasty built a 47-meter-high Hindu temple in the 9th century and surrounded it with several small temples called "perwara" temples. Prambanan Temple is only a hundred meters off the main street, located about 17 km from Jogja. It opens every day from 6 a.m. to 17 p.m.
BATIK MUSEUM : The visitors can see collections of art works of Javanese female batik, such as batik with the royal pattern of Jogja Palace and Solo Palace. The other works exhibited are household goods from a traditional family. It opens on Saturday and Sunday from 09:00–16:00.
KASONGAN : Kasongan is inside the territory of Bantul Regency, about 7 kilometers from Jogja. Besides farming, the villagers of Kasongan earn their living by making pottery. Kasongan villagers produce handicrafts (earthenware and ceramic) such as decorative and kitchen utensils in various sizes that are very famous in Indonesia. It can be reached by "To Bantul‘ public transportation.
MERAPI VOLCANO : Merapi Volcano, 2,968 m above sea level, is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. During a bright, sunny day, it invites and challenges adventurous people to climb it. There are two tracks to climb. The first is through Kinahrejo, about 2 kilometers from the mountain resort of Kaliurang. Kinahrejo is about 9 km from the peak of Merapi. It takes 10 hours to reach the top.
SALAK PONDOH AGRICULTURE TOUR : This Salak garden is located about 5 km eastward of Temple District, in Gadung sub-village, Bangunkerto, Turi. This tourist resort offers a comfortably situated, fresh, and unpolluted environment with the amenities of the local people.
KALIURANG : Visiting Kaliurang, a popular mountain resort that is 24 kilometers on the northern side of Jogja, provides a great escape from the heat and humidity of Jogja city—either early in the morning or in the afternoon. The sleepy green valleys and the lazy hills provide a nice setting for camping or mountain climbing. Sometimes at night, visitors can see the spectacular sight of lava coming down the mountain. Various tourist facilities are available, such as restaurants, swimming pools, parks, and camping grounds.
PARANG TRITIS BEACH : Parangtritis is located in Parangtritis village, Kretek Sub district, Bantul Regency, about 28 km south of Jogja. This most frequently visited tourist destination on the Indian Ocean can be reached by public transportation that serves the Jogja-Bantul—Imogiri— Parangtritis route by bus from the bus station in Jogja. Parangtritis combines rocky hills, dunes, and a white sandy beach, ending in an enchanting sloping beach. It is also a sacred place where many people come to do meditation.
PARANGKUSUMO SAND DUNES : Parangkusumo sand dunes are a world heritage site. The sand is 20 m2 above sea level. There are only four places in the entire world that have such kinds of dunes; one of them is in Indonesia, here in Parangkusumo.
CERME CAVE : Located about 22 km south of Jogja in Selopamioro village in the sub district of Imogiri, this natural cave hides stalactites and stalagmites over a small creek that flows for approximately 1300 m to the other end in Panggang, a sub district in Gunung Kidul Regency. Inside the cave, there are a number of pigeonholes (Dalang cave, Ledhek cave, Badhut cave, and Kaum cave) where people usually sit and pray for days in meditation. To reach its door, you have to walk up a staircase of hundreds of steps. A shelter is available there for sightseeing while climbing up to the cave.
SEROPAN CAVE : Lying in Semen sub district, near the Wonosari-Rongkop highway, Seropan Cave has a high waterfall of about 7 m, internal drainage, and stalactites and stalagmites among its notable natural phenomena.
TANJUNG VILLAGE : Tanjung Village is located 5 km north of Monumen Yogya Kembali (return to Yogya Monument (Monjali)). Here you will find a style of house called Joglo, which can be occupied by 100–200 people. The supporting beams are made from jackfruit tree wood, which is over 200 years old, and the internal beams and wooden walls show an ancient carved relief. Tanjung village comprises three districts: Tanjung, Panasan, and Bantarjo, and most of its inhabitants are farmers. The surrounding rice fields are used for training in Ngkluku, Nggaru, Tandur, Panen, Angon Bebek, and other activities. Other fields are also used for mental training for scouts and for fulfilling the local content for school studies.
PUCUNG VILLAGE : Pucung village is famous for its mahogany and teak primitive wooden statues. The ideas and designs of the statues come from traditional patterns and themes from a variety of areas in Indonesia, including Asmat, Dayak, and Aborigine.
And other tourist destinations in Jogja that are very interesting to visit are: Ngasem Bird Market, Gembira Loka Zoo, Purawisata, Dagadu Shop, Cangkringan Golf Course, Affandi Museum, Batik Museum, Yogya Kembali Monumen, Sonobudoyo Museum, Syuhada Mosque, Hati Kudus Church, Wanagama Forest, Sermo Dam, Glagah Beach, Siung Beach, Wediombo Beach, Kiskendo Cave, Ullen Sentalu Museum, Vredeburg Castle, and many more.
Watch here in the below YouTube video player. Begin your journey in Wonderful Indonesia. The Island of Java's thousands of years of rich history, deep cultural roots, and spirituality are waiting to be explored. Rediscover The Spirit of Java, Jiwa Jagad Jawi. Video by : Wonderful Indonesia
Visit Jogja (Yogyakarta) to know real Java culture.
How to go to Jogja (Yogyakarta) :
To reach Yogya, Jogja (Yogyakarta), there are many ways to get there. With a direct flight from your country and from Bali or another island in Indonesia, with inter-city bus transportation between the provinces in Indonesia, and with a train passing around Java.